What is Norvasc

Main information

norvasc image

Norvasc (generic name: amlodipine) refers to the class of medications called calcium channel blockers.

 

Mechanism of action

Norvasc works by affecting the amount of calcium found in your heart and muscle cells. Norvasc may be used alone or in combination with other antihypertensive drugs for the treatment of angina (chest pain) and high blood pressure (hypertension).

Norvasc controls your blood pressure and lowers the quantity of angina attacks by relaxing blood vessels and widening them. Norvasc also reduces the risk of stroke and heart attacks. Amlodipine is available under several brand names. Your doctor may suggest to use this medication for conditions that do not appear in this article. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or if you are unsure about why you are taking this medicine, check it. Do not stop taking amlodipine without consulting your physican. Do not give Norvasc to anyone else, even someone who suffers from the same symptoms as yours. This medication may affect people for whom it was not prescribed.

Indication

When to take Norvasc

This medication is used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension), certain types of chest pain (vasospastic angina, chronic stable angina, coronary heart disease). Health problems such as stroke, heart attack, and kidney problems can be prevented by reducing high blood pressure. Relieving symptoms of angina can increase your ability to exercise and perform strenuous work.

Additional information

Norvasc should not be used with other analogs of this drug. Ask your doctor about lifestyle changes that can contribute to the effectiveness of this drug. DO laboratory or medical tests (eg , blood pressure, electrocardiogram). Please take time to monitor your progress or check for side effects. Ask your doctor for more information. Check your blood pressure regularly while taking this medication. Learn how to monitor your own blood pressure.

Dosing and Administration

How to take Norvasc

Norvasc should be taken orally. The tablet is swallowed as whole. If you cannot swallow the tablet, you can break it or cut it and than swallow.

It is recommended to take Norvasc once daily in the morning or as directed by your doctor. Do not forget to take it at the same time.

Dosages are based on your age, health status, body weight and response to the treatment.

One tablet per day is sufficient to lower blood pressure for 24 hours. Norvasc is used alone or in combination with other drugs for the treatment of oxygen deficiency of the heart muscle known of angina pectoris.

Adults: In the treatment of both hypertension and coronary heart disease, the starting dose is usually 5 mg once a day. The dose may be increased to 10 mg per day depending on the clinical effect. Concomitant use of thiazide diuretics, drugs that block beta-blockers and ACE inhibitors do not require dose adjustment of amlodipine. Amlodipine is used in the same doses is equally well tolerated by elderly patients and younger.

Use in children:

The efficacy and safety profile of amlodipine in pediatric patients have not been established.

It may take about 2 weeks before you feel the full benefit of this drug.

Sudden stop of taking Norvasc can impair your problems. In case of aggravation or worsening of your illness notify your doctor immediately.

Side Effects

A short list of possible side effects

You may experience side effects such as headache, feeling your heart beating in his chest, fatigue, constipation, swelling of the legs/feet, dizziness, nausea, stomach pain, sleep problems, as your body adjusts to the medication. Try to get up slowly to minimize dizziness. To prevent constipation, maintain a diet, drink plenty of water. If you become constipated while using this drug, consult your pharmacist for help in selecting a stool softener. Many people using Norvasc do not have serious side effects.

If you have any of these unlikely but serious side effects, such as shortness of breath, muscle cramps/pain, joint pain, unusual dreams, tiredness, fast/irregular/very slow heartbeat, vision changes, mental/mood changes (eg, anxiety, depression, nervousness), decreased sexual ability/desire, loss of consciousness, severe abdominal pain, difficulty/increased urination, dark urine, severe nausea/vomiting, severe constipation, yellowing eyes/skin, new or worsening chest pain, sudden dizziness/fainting, signs of infection (eg, fever, chills, sore throat), easy bruising/bleeding, notify your doctor immediately.

Symptoms of a serious allergic reaction include: rash, dizziness, itching, swelling, trouble breathing. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

Contraindications

Contraindications and precautions

Tell your doctor if you have an allergic reaction. Your doctor or pharmacist should be aware of your health problems, to provide health care, especially if you have such problems with the heart (severe coronary artery disease, aortic stenosis), liver disease, heart failure. This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy. Use caution engaging in activities requiring alertness such as driving or using machinery. Limit alcoholic beverages. The elderly are more susceptible to particularly dizziness as one of the side effects of Norvasc. Try to get up slowly to minimize dizziness. Your doctor should know that you are taking this drug before having surgery. This medicine is not recommended during pregnancy. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor. It is not known whether it passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

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